UMass Amherst
Site Search
UMass Amherst LibrariesAsk a librarian
Research » Research Help » GoogleScholar Search Tips from UMass Librarians

GoogleScholar Search Tips from UMass Librarians

Fine Tuning Your Search

Using Operators

  • To ensure that a term appears in the search results, place a "+" directly in front of a common word, letter or number
    ex: urban housing +affordable

  • To exclude a term from the search results, place a "-" directly in front of a term
    ex: urban housing -affordable

  • For results that include the exact phrase or title or name, use quotation marks around the terms
    ex: “scholarly communication”

  • To include either one or another term in the results, place OR between terms
    ex: automobile OR car OR motor vehicle

  • To include your search term in the document's title, use "intitle:" before a term for results
    ex: intitle:intentional lifestyle

Author Search

  • To find a paper by a particular author, add the author’s last name to your search terms
    ex: garrison autism returns papers on the subject of autism written by authors named Garrison.

  • To search an author's full name, or last name and initials, enter the name in quotes
    ex: “jk garrison” or “jerome karl garrison” or “j garrison”

  • To find a paper authored by someone whose name is also a common name, use the "author:" operator. Do not put a space between the operator and the name
    ex: author:gold returns papers written by authors with the name Gold

  • To limit results to a common noun which also might be an author’s name, type in the term with a “-“ immediately before the author’s name, followed by the term again
    ex: gold –author:glod returns papers about gold, and ignores papers written by people with the name Gold

Legal Opinions and Journals

Select the option marked Legal opinions and Journals on the homepage. The results pages offer a dropdown menu at the top. Select a collection to search (e.g. federal cases, Massachusetts cases, articles and patents).

Export Results to RefWorks

  1. Click on Scholar Preferences on the main search page
  2. Set the Bibliography Manager to Show links to import citations into RefWorks
  3. Click on Save Changes

Use the Advanced Search mode for a more controlled search template.


Last Edited: 18 August 2010